Thursday, November 18, 2010

Definitions on Terms.

Pectoralis major-The pectoralis major is a thick, fan-shaped muscle, situated at the chest (anterior) of the body. It makes up the bulk of the chest muscles in the male and female.

Lattissmuss Dorsi-The latissimus dorsi meaning 'broadest muscle of the back'.

Phalanges- bones that form the fingers and toes.

Abduction- is a movement which brings a part of the anatomy away from the body.

Extention- The act of straightening or extending a flexed limb

Inferior- away from the head.

Muscle endurance- Muscular endurance is the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to sustain repeated contractions against a resistance for an extended period of time

Saggital Plane- Plane in which foward and backward movements of the body and body segments occur.

Pronation- the act of assuming the prone position, or the state of being prone. Applied to the hand, the act of turning the palm backward or downward, performed by medial rotation of the forearm

Flextion- a movement allowed by certain joints of the skeleton that decreases the angle between two adjoining bones, such as bending the elbow, which decreases the angle between the humerus and the ulna.

General Motion- A combination of angular motion and linear motion. It is the most common form of motion in sport.

Type IIb Muscle fibers- These fibres, also called fast twitch or fast glycolytic fibres, contain a low content of myoglobin, relatively few mitochondria, relatively few blood capillaries and large amounts glycogen.

Posterior- Further back in position; of or nearer the rear or hind end.

Anterior- situated before or at the front of; fore (opposed to posterior )

Bilateral- pertaining to, involving, or affecting two or both sides, factions, parties.

Superficial- concerned with or comprehending only what is apparent or obvious; not deep or penetrating emotionally or intellectually.

Transverse Plane- The transverse plane (also called the horizontal plane, axial plane, or transaxial plane) is an imaginary plane that divides the body into superior and inferior parts. It is perpendicular to the coronal and sagittal planes.

Lateral- situated on, directed toward, or coming from the side.

Medial- Pertaining to the middle; in or toward the middle; nearer the middle of the body.

diagonal plane- Upper limbs at shoulder joints; Overhand skills; EX. Baseball Pitch

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